Question: What Are The Cost Drivers Of Value Chain Analysis?

How do you identify cost drivers?

Cost driver definitionDirect labor hours worked.Number of customer contacts.Number of engineering change orders issued.Number of machine hours used.Number of product returns from customers..

How do you calculate cost drivers?

Assign each cost pool activity cost drivers, such as hours or units. Calculate the cost driver rate by dividing the total overhead in each cost pool by the total cost drivers. Divide the total overhead of each cost pool by the total cost drivers to get the cost driver rate.

What is a cost driver example?

An example is a change in the cost of warehousing or a change in the level of production. More technical cost drivers are machine hours, the number of engineering change orders, the number of customer contacts, the number of product returns, the machine setups required for production, or the number of inspections.

Is Depreciation a cost driver?

Depreciation can be either a direct cost or an indirect cost, or it can be both direct and indirect. Let’s illustrate this with the depreciation of a machine used in Department 23 of a manufacturer. The depreciation on that machine is a direct cost for Department 23.

What are the components of value chain analysis?

The primary activities of Michael Porter’s value chain are inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, marketing and sales, and service. The goal of the five sets of activities is to create value that exceeds the cost of conducting that activity, therefore generating a higher profit.

What do you mean by Kaizen costing?

Kaizen costing is a cost reduction system. Yasuhiro Monden defines kaizen costing as “the maintenance of present cost levels for products currently being manufactured via systematic efforts to achieve the desired cost level.” The word kaizen is a Japanese word meaning continuous improvement.

What is cost pool and cost drivers?

This method involves identifying your cost drivers and cost pools. Your cost drivers are all the activities that you do that cost you money to make your product. Your cost pools are your cost drivers divided into groups of related costs.

What is the traditional costing method?

Traditional costing is the allocation of factory overhead to products based on the volume of production resources consumed. Under this method, overhead is usually applied based on either the amount of direct labor hours consumed or machine hours used.

What are the types of cost drivers?

Types of Drivers in Cost AccountingNumber of set-ups.Number of machine hours.Number of processed orders.Number of orders completed.Number of labor hours.Number of orders packed and delivered.

What is cost driver analysis?

Cost driver analysis means analyzing the various possible cost drivers for a particular type of cost or activity etc. and explaining their cause and effect relationship between the activity and cost driver.

Do fixed costs have cost drivers?

A fixed cost does not have an activity or driver that makes the cost increase as the activity or driver increases.

What is value chain analysis example?

Value Chain Analysis Example Value chain analysis allows businesses to examine their activities and find competitive opportunities. For example, McDonald’s mission is to provide customers with low-priced food items. … Below is an example of a value chain analysis for McDonald’s and it’s cost leadership strategy.

What are value and cost drivers?

Cost Behavior. … Ten major cost drivers determine the cost behavior of value activities: economies of a scale, learning, the pattern of capacity utilization, linkages, interrelationships, integration, timing, discretionary policies, location, and institutional factors.

What makes a good cost driver?

Cost drivers are the elements of a business that cause an overhead cost against the goods manufactured or services provided. Some cost drivers are necessary and unchangeable while others place a high than needed overhead cost against production.

What is a cost pool examples?

A cost pool is a grouping of individual costs, typically by department or service center. … For example, the cost of the maintenance department is accumulated in a cost pool and then allocated to those departments using its services.

What are costing methods?

Product costing methods are used to assign a cost to a manufactured product. The main costing methods available are process costing, job costing, direct costing, and throughput costing. Each of these methods applies to different production and decision environments.

What is the purpose of value chain analysis?

A value chain is a business term describing the full range of iterative activities a company uses to create a product or a service. The purpose of value-chain analysis is to increase production efficiency so that a company can deliver maximum value for the least possible cost.

What do you understand by value chain analysis?

Value chain analysis is a way to visually analyze a company’s business activities to see how the company can create a competitive advantage for itself.